super , Wanda. I would however take a look at a fish oil rather than flax. http://www.dogfoodproject.com/index.php?page=fattyacids
Fish oil’s main benefits are that it supports the immune system and contributes greatly to skin and
coat health. It also has strong anti-inflammatory properties. Especially the omega 3 fatty acid
DHA is vital in brain development of puppies, and has been shown to affect trainability
My product of choice is “Seapet” (available at http://www.seapet.com/seastarrstore/
), since it is
the highest quality product available in a bottled format that I’ve found so far. All their fish oils are
manufactured from wild-caught fish, molecularly distilled, cold-processed, completely tested and
surpass all standards for heavy metals, PCBs, dioxin and other toxins
Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant, supports a healthy skin and coat, is important for the
formation of red blood cells and helps the body to utilize vitamin K. Also, wherever essential
Omega 3 fatty acids (e.g. from fish oil or flax seed) are added to the diet, the body’s requirement
of vitamin E increases slightly, so we must compensate.
What to look for:
Please only use natural vitamin E supplements, as synthetic ones are by far not as effective.
Vitamin E from natural sources is labeled as “alpha tocopherol”, “d-alpha tocopherol” or “mixed
tocopherols”. DL-alpha tocopherol indicates a synthetic product.
Make sure the vitamin E supplement does not contain any other ingredients, especially not
vitamin A, since this could lead to an overdose of vitamin A. Capsules are mainly available in 400
and 1,000 IU dosages, 100, 200 and 600 IU are far less common but can be found. Which
product you choose depends on the daily amount you are supplementing, and whether your dog
refuses to take capsules. Liquid products are available, which are more convenient and easier to
dose for small dogs and puppies.
Cod Liver Oil and supplement products with high vitamin A and D content
Cod liver oil contains high amounts of the fat soluble vitamins A and D, which can build up to toxic
levels in the body. Commercial foods are already more than sufficiently fortified. It is far more
beneficial to supplement a good quality fish body oil, as recommended above.
Many dogs cannot efficiently convert Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA) from flax oil to EPA and DHA
due to a lack of desaturase enzymes and/or a diet too high in omega 6 fatty acids. As a result, the
anti-inflammatory effects of flax seed oil may not be as strong as the anti-inflammatory effects of
Studies have shown that omega 3 fatty acids slow the progression of kidney disease, while
omega 6 fatty acids (which are present in much larger proportion in flax oil than fish oil) enhanced