How I feed raw (in detail)
My dogs were weaned onto raw, then on a kibble/raw mix. They're one years old now, and fed full raw. I follow a "frankenbarf" type diet.
So: 70% muscle meat 10% organ meat 10% bone 10% veggies/fruits + some additional whole food supplements.
Wild Birds (pheasant, partridge, dove, wild pigeon etc.)
Vegetables (raw and pureed/fermented unless marked otherwise):
sweet peppers (not green, contains solanin)
broccoli - (steamed)
coconut (cream, milk, water, flesh)
rose hip (dried, fresh)
st. john's wort
slippery elm bark
Goat's milk, yogurt, cheese, kefir.
salmon oil, coconut oil.
The mix I use right now contains:
Eucalyptus leaves, nettle herb, birch leaf, milk thistle, artichoke, fennel, thyme, chamomile flowers, anise, plantain leaves, pine needles, apple pomace, cumin, sage, juniper berries, flaxseed, bananas, ginger, devil's claw, seaweed, MSM, green-lipped mussel
Before we go into even further detail, my two havanese weigh between 14-16 lbs. They are also very active, and have high metabolisms, so they get fed between 200-400 grams per day in summer, and 200-300 grams in winter, when they are less active.
What kind of meat/offal/bone is fed:
Besides muscle, the muscle meat category includes: heart, tongue. These should not exceed more than 15% of the muscle fed. Tongue is fatty, but great for teeth cleaning. Heart is very high in phosphorus, so should not be fed in very large amounts.
Offal: Liver, kidney, spleen, pancreas, brain
Grey area: Cow udders, Lung. I feed lung a bit more than the other offal but not as much as tongue or heart. It has some secreting tissue in it, so I really just try not to feed it as more than 10% of their diet. Cow udders are great for constipation, I've noticed. It's not something I include in their meal plan, but give as an occasional treat because they like it so much. Quite fatty as well and has some milk residue.
fully edible bones: Rabbit leg quarters, rabbit ribs, rabbit carcass in appropriate sizes, rabbit head, feet, duck neck, duck wing, duck carcass, duck feet, duck head.
Partially edible bones: Lamb neck, venison ribs, sheep head (by partially edible I mean that, as it's quite meaty my dogs usually don't finish the whole bone. These are NOT wreck bones)
whole prey: sardines, small rabbit, day old chick, quail, small wild birds. () kind of gross to watch them eat these, but it's healthy for them, and they love it.
Tripe/Omasum: I usually get these partially washed, or still with the content. Highly probiotic as well. (Caution: It STINKS )
extras: trachea, feet, ears, tendons.
Secreting offal: 2 x weekly
Bone: 3 x weekly
Tripe: 2-3 x weekly
Heart: 1-2 x weekly
whole prey: atleast 1 x weekly, more is fine but cut back on the bone if this is the case
fruits: 2-3 x weekly or as snacks throughout the day
vegetables: 4-5 x weekly or as snacks throughout the day
nuts/seeds: whenever I feel like it, not a staple. Do not give as
often as fruits/veggies. Not very easy for them to digest.
dairy: 2-3 x weekly, not VERY necessary, just adds a kick of flavor
and vitamins. My dogs handle it very well.
extras are given as snacks, or during fasting.
I have consulted with my vet (who is also a canine/feline nutritionist) about this, and he said this is fine. the only thing we didn't agree about is the lack of carbohydrates and grain. My dogs don't digest it well, and they do have a problem with yeasty ears if given too much sugars (certain fruits/veg included).
Also, he recommended that I give them more veggies but this makes them very gassy and their stool loose. If your dog does fine on carbohydrates/grains, feel free to add it. If you want to add 10% more vegetables, go ahead. Just remember to consult with a nutritionist, or a vet who is knowledgeable about raw.
This is just how I raw feed my small dogs successfully. They have been off of kibble completely for about 6 months and are more healthy than ever. Your dog(s) are/is their own individual. My favorite saying with raw/home made is, 'to each their own'. That's the beauty of making your pup's food, to be able to customize it to their specific needs.
Feel free to ask any questions!